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Shadow on Concrete Wall

Ferruccio Busoni
1866 - 1924

Ferruccio Busoni was a German composer and pianist born in Italy. At the age of 7 he made his first public appearance and at 12 he conducted his own Stabat Mater.


He taught in Helsinki, Moscow and Boston before settling permanently in Berlin in 1894. He became famous as a virtuoso pianist and gave world premieres of works by important composers.


His most famous work during his lifetime, the opera Die Brautwahl (1910), was followed by the operas Arlecchino (1916) and Turandot (1917), but the unfinished and posthumously staged Doctor Faust is considered his masterpiece.


Of his orchestral works, his Piano Concerto (1904) is the most frequently performed. His numerous piano pieces include the Fantasia contrappuntistica (1910), six sonatinas (1910-20) and arrangements of organ works by Johann Sebastian Bach.

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Shadow on Concrete Wall

Erik Satie
1866 - 1925 

French composer. He studied at the Paris Conservatory (1879-82), but dropped out. From 1888 he played the piano in the Café Le Chat Noir; around 1890 he was associated with the Rosicrucian Movement and wrote several works under its influence. Living in abject poverty in a working-class neighborhood, he gained notoriety in 1911 when he was hailed as the forerunner of modern music.


His admirers included Claude Debussy, Jean Cocteau, and the composer group known as Les Six. Satie's music represents the first definitive break with 19th century French romanticism; it is also in opposition to Impressionism (a movement he often derided).


His mostly short piano works are sparse and unconventional and characteristically take the form of a parody with straightforward titles such as Three Pieces in Form of a Pear (1903).

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